Category: utilities | Component type: concept |
X | A type that is a model of LessThanComparable |
x, y, z | Object of type X |
If operator< is a strict weak ordering, and if each equivalence class has only a single element, then operator< is a total ordering.
Name | Expression | Type requirements | Return type |
---|---|---|---|
Less | x < y | Convertible to bool | |
Greater | x > y | Convertible to bool | |
Less or equal | x <= y | Convertible to bool | |
Greater or equal | x >= y | Convertible to bool |
Name | Expression | Precondition | Semantics | Postcondition |
---|---|---|---|---|
Less | x < y | x and y are in the domain of < | ||
Greater | x > y | x and y are in the domain of < | Equivalent to y < x [1] | |
Less or equal | x <= y | x and y are in the domain of < | Equivalent to !(y < x) [1] | |
Greater or equal | x >= y | x and y are in the domain of < | Equivalent to !(x < y) [1] |
Irreflexivity | x < x must be false. |
Antisymmetry | x < y implies !(y < x) [2] |
Transitivity | x < y and y < z implies x < z [3] |
[1] Only operator< is fundamental; the other inequality operators are essentially syntactic sugar.
[2] Antisymmetry is a theorem, not an axiom: it follows from irreflexivity and transitivity.
[3] Because of irreflexivity and transitivity, operator< always satisfies the definition of a partial ordering. The definition of a strict weak ordering is stricter, and the definition of a total ordering is stricter still.