db2_set_option

(PECL)

db2_set_option -- Set options for connection or statement resources

Description

bool db2_set_option ( resource resource, array options [, int type] )

Sets options for a statement resource or a connection resource. You cannot set options for result set resources.

Parameters

resource

A valid statement resource as returned from db2_prepare() or a valid connection resource as returned from db2_connect() or db2_pconnect().

options

An associative array containing valid statement or connection options. This parameter can be used to change autocommit values, cursor types (scrollable or forward), and to specify the case of the column names (lower, upper, or natural) that will appear in a result set.

autocommit

Passing DB2_AUTOCOMMIT_ON turns autocommit on for the specified connection resource.

Passing DB2_AUTOCOMMIT_OFF turns autocommit off for the specified connection resource.

cursor

Passing DB2_FORWARD_ONLY specifies a forward-only cursor for a statement resource. This is the default cursor type, and is supported by all database servers.

Passing DB2_SCROLLABLE specifies a scrollable cursor for a statement resource. Scrollable cursors enable result set rows to be accessed in non-sequential order, but are only supported by IBM DB2 Universal Database databases.

binmode

Passing DB2_BINARY specifies that binary data will be returned as is. This is the default mode. This is the equivalent of setting ibm_db2.binmode=1 in php.ini.

Passing DB2_CONVERT specifies that binary data will be converted to hexadecimal encoding, and will be returned as such. This is the equivalent of setting ibm_db2.binmode=2 in php.ini.

Passing DB2_PASSTHRU specifies that binary data will be converted to NULL. This is the equivalent of setting ibm_db2.binmode=3 in php.ini.

db2_attr_case

Passing DB2_CASE_LOWER specifies that column names of the result set are returned in lower case.

Passing DB2_CASE_UPPER specifies that column names of the result set are returned in upper case.

Passing DB2_CASE_NATURAL specifies that column names of the result set are returned in natural case.

deferred_prepare

Passing DB2_DEFERRED_PREPARE_ON turns deferred prepare on for the specified statement resource.

Passing DB2_DEFERRED_PREPARE_OFF turns deferred prepare off for the specified statement resource.

The following new i5/OS options are available as of ibm_db2 version 1.5.1.

Note: Prior versions of ibm_db2 do not support these new i5 options.

i5_fetch_only

DB2_I5_FETCH_ON - Cursors are read-only and cannot be used for positioned updates or deletes. This is the default unless SQL_ATTR_FOR_FETCH_ONLY environment has been set to SQL_FALSE.

DB2_I5_FETCH_OFF - Cursors can be used for positioned updates and deletes.

The following new options are available as of ibm_db2 version 1.6.0. They provide useful tracking information that can be accessed during execution with db2_get_option().

Note: Prior versions of ibm_db2 do not support these new options.

When the value in each option is being set, some servers might not handle the entire length provided and might truncate the value.

To ensure that the data specified in each option is converted correctly when transmitted to a host system, use only the characters A through Z, 0 through 9, and the underscore (_) or period (.).

userid

SQL_ATTR_INFO_USERID - A pointer to a null-terminated character string used to identify the client user ID sent to the host database server when using DB2 Connect.

Note: DB2 for z/OS and OS/390 servers support up to a length of 16 characters. This user-id is not to be confused with the authentication user-id, it is for identification purposes only and is not used for any authorization.

acctstr

SQL_ATTR_INFO_ACCTSTR - A pointer to a null-terminated character string used to identify the client accounting string sent to the host database server when using DB2 Connect.

Note: DB2 for z/OS and OS/390 servers support up to a length of 200 characters.

applname

SQL_ATTR_INFO_APPLNAME - A pointer to a null-terminated character string used to identify the client application name sent to the host database server when using DB2 Connect.

Note: DB2 for z/OS and OS/390 servers support up to a length of 32 characters.

wrkstnname

SQL_ATTR_INFO_WRKSTNNAME - A pointer to a null-terminated character string used to identify the client workstation name sent to the host database server when using DB2 Connect.

Note: DB2 for z/OS and OS/390 servers support up to a length of 18 characters.

type

An integer value that specifies the type of resource that was passed into the function. The type of resource and this value must correspond.

Passing 1 as the value specifies that a connection resource has been passed into the function.

Passing any integer not equal to 1 as the value specifies that a statement resource has been passed into the function.

The following table specifies which options are compatible with the available resource types:

Table 1. Resource-Parameter Matrix

KeyValueResource Type
  ConnectionStatementResult Set
autocommitDB2_AUTOCOMMIT_ONX--
autocommitDB2_AUTOCOMMIT_OFFX--
cursorDB2_SCROLLABLE-X-
cursorDB2_FORWARD_ONLY-X-
binmodeDB2_BINARYXX-
binmodeDB2_CONVERTXX-
binmodeDB2_PASSTHRUXX-
db2_attr_caseDB2_CASE_LOWERXX-
db2_attr_caseDB2_CASE_UPPERXX-
db2_attr_caseDB2_CASE_NATURALXX-
deferred_prepareDB2_DEFERRED_PREPARE_ON-X-
deferred_prepareDB2_DEFERRED_PREPARE_OFF-X-
i5_fetch_onlyDB2_I5_FETCH_ON-X-
i5_fetch_onlyDB2_I5_FETCH_OFF-X-
useridSQL_ATTR_INFO_USERIDXX-
acctstrSQL_ATTR_INFO_ACCTSTRXX-
applnameSQL_ATTR_INFO_APPLNAMEXX-
wrkstnnameSQL_ATTR_INFO_WRKSTNNAMEXX-

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.

Examples

Example 1. Setting one parameter with a connection resource

<?php
/* Database Connection Parameters */
$database = 'SAMPLE';
$hostname = 'localhost';
$port = 50000;
$protocol = 'TCPIP';
$username = 'db2inst1';
$password = 'ibmdb2';

/* Connection String */
$conn_string = "DRIVER={IBM DB2 ODBC DRIVER};DATABASE=$database;";
$conn_string .= "HOSTNAME=$hostname;PORT=$port;PROTOCOL=$protocol;";
$conn_string .= "UID=$username;PWD=$password;";

/* Obtain Connection Resource */
$conn = db2_connect($conn_string, '', '');

/* Create the associative options array with valid key-value pairs */
$options = array('autocommit' => DB2_AUTOCOMMIT_ON);

/* Call the function using the correct resource, options array, and type values */
$result = db2_set_option($conn, $options, 1);

/* Check if all options could be set correctly */
if($result)
{
  echo
'Options Set Successfully';    
}
else
{
  echo
'Could Not Set Options';
}
?>

The above example will output:

Options Set Successfully

Example 2. Setting multiple parameters with a connection resource

<?php
/* Database Connection Parameters */
$database = 'SAMPLE';
$hostname = 'localhost';
$port = 50000;
$protocol = 'TCPIP';
$username = 'db2inst1';
$password = 'ibmdb2';

/* Connection String */
$conn_string = "DRIVER={IBM DB2 ODBC DRIVER};DATABASE=$database;";
$conn_string .= "HOSTNAME=$hostname;PORT=$port;PROTOCOL=$protocol;";
$conn_string .= "UID=$username;PWD=$password;";

/* Obtain Connection Resource */
$conn = db2_connect($conn_string, '', '');

/* Create the associative options array with valid key-value pairs */
$options = array('autocommit' => DB2_AUTOCOMMIT_OFF,
                    
'binmode' => DB2_PASSTHRU,
              
'db2_attr_case' => DB2_CASE_UPPER,
                      
'cursor' => DB2_SCROLLABLE);

/* Call the function using the correct resource, options array, and type values */
$result = db2_set_option($conn, $options, 1);

/* Check if all options could be set correctly */
if($result)
{
  echo
'Options Set Successfully';
}
else
{
  echo
'Could Not Set Options';
}
?>

The above example will output:

Options Set Successfully

Example 3. Setting multiple parameters with an invalid key

<?php
/* Database Connection Parameters */
$database = 'SAMPLE';
$hostname = 'localhost';
$port = 50000;
$protocol = 'TCPIP';
$username = 'db2inst1';
$password = 'ibmdb2';

/* Connection String */
$conn_string = "DRIVER={IBM DB2 ODBC DRIVER};DATABASE=$database;";
$conn_string .= "HOSTNAME=$hostname;PORT=$port;PROTOCOL=$protocol;";
$conn_string .= "UID=$username;PWD=$password;";

/* Obtain Connection Resource */
$conn = db2_connect($conn_string, '', '');

/* Create the associative options array with valid key-value pairs */
$options = array('autocommit' => DB2_AUTOCOMMIT_OFF,
             
'MY_INVALID_KEY' => DB2_PASSTHRU,
              
'db2_attr_case' => DB2_CASE_UPPER,
                     
'cursor' => DB2_SCROLLABLE);

/* Call the function using the correct resource, options array, and type values */
$result = db2_set_option($conn, $options, 1);

/* Check if all options could be set correctly */
if($result)
{
  echo
'Options Set Successfully';    
}
else
{
  echo
'Could Not Set Options';
}
?>

The above example will output:

Could Not Set Options

Example 4. Setting multiple parameters with an invalid value

<?php
/* Database Connection Parameters */
$database = 'SAMPLE';
$hostname = 'localhost';
$port = 50000;
$protocol = 'TCPIP';
$username = 'db2inst1';
$password = 'ibmdb2';

/* Connection String */
$conn_string = "DRIVER={IBM DB2 ODBC DRIVER};DATABASE=$database;";
$conn_string .= "HOSTNAME=$hostname;PORT=$port;PROTOCOL=$protocol;";
$conn_string .= "UID=$username;PWD=$password;";

/* Obtain Connection Resource */
$conn = db2_connect($conn_string, '', '');

/* Create the associative options array with valid key-value pairs */
$options = array('autocommit' => DB2_AUTOCOMMIT_OFF,
                     
'binmode' => 'INVALID_VALUE',
              
'db2_attr_case' => DB2_CASE_UPPER,
                      
'cursor' => DB2_SCROLLABLE);

/* Call the function using the correct resource, options array, and type values */
$result = db2_set_option($conn, $options, 1);

/* Check if all options could be set correctly */
if($result)
{
  echo
'Options Set Successfully';    
}
else
{
  echo
'Could Not Set Options';
}
?>

The above example will output:

Could Not Set Options

Example 5. Setting multiple parameters with a connection resource and the wrong type

<?php
/* Database Connection Parameters */
$database = 'SAMPLE';
$hostname = 'localhost';
$port = 50000;
$protocol = 'TCPIP';
$username = 'db2inst1';
$password = 'ibmdb2';

/* Connection String */
$conn_string = "DRIVER={IBM DB2 ODBC DRIVER};DATABASE=$database;";
$conn_string .= "HOSTNAME=$hostname;PORT=$port;PROTOCOL=$protocol;";
$conn_string .= "UID=$username;PWD=$password;";

/* Obtain Connection Resource */
$conn = db2_connect($conn_string, '', '');

/* Create the associative options array with valid key-value pairs */
$options = array('autocommit' => DB2_AUTOCOMMIT_OFF,
                     
'binmode' => DB2_PASSTHRU,
              
'db2_attr_case' => DB2_CASE_UPPER,
                      
'cursor' => DB2_SCROLLABLE);

/* Call the function using the correct resource, options array, and the wrong type value */
$result = db2_set_option($conn, $options, 2);

/* Check if all options could be set correctly */
if($result)
{
  echo
'Options Set Successfully';    
}
else
{
  echo
'Could Not Set Options';
}
?>

The above example will output:

Could Not Set Options

Example 6. Setting multiple parameters with the wrong resource

<?php
/* Database Connection Parameters */
$database = 'SAMPLE';
$hostname = 'localhost';
$port = 50000;
$protocol = 'TCPIP';
$username = 'db2inst1';
$password = 'ibmdb2';

/* Connection String */
$conn_string = "DRIVER={IBM DB2 ODBC DRIVER};DATABASE=$database;";
$conn_string .= "HOSTNAME=$hostname;PORT=$port;PROTOCOL=$protocol;";
$conn_string .= "UID=$username;PWD=$password;";

/* Obtain Connection Resource */
$conn = db2_connect($conn_string, '', '');

/* Create the associative options array with valid key-value pairs */
$options = array('autocommit' => DB2_AUTOCOMMIT_OFF,
                     
'binmode' => DB2_PASSTHRU,
              
'db2_attr_case' => DB2_CASE_UPPER,
                     
'cursor' => DB2_SCROLLABLE);

$stmt = db2_prepare($conn, 'SELECT * FROM EMPLOYEE');                        

/* Call the function using the wrong resource, and the correct options array, and type values */
$result = db2_set_option($stmt, $options, 1);

/* Check if all options could be set correctly */
if($result)
{
  echo
'Options Set Successfully';    
}
else
{
  echo
'Could Not Set Options';
}
?>

The above example will output:

Could Not Set Options

Example 7. Putting it all together

<?php
/* Database Connection Parameters */
$database = 'SAMPLE';
$hostname = 'localhost';
$port = 50000;
$protocol = 'TCPIP';
$username = 'db2inst1';
$password = 'ibmdb2';

/* Connection String */
$conn_string = "DRIVER={IBM DB2 ODBC DRIVER};DATABASE=$database;";
$conn_string .= "HOSTNAME=$hostname;PORT=$port;PROTOCOL=$protocol;";
$conn_string .= "UID=$username;PWD=$password;";

/* Obtain Connection Resource */
$conn = db2_connect($conn_string, '', '');

/* Create the associative options array with valid key-value pairs */
$options = array('db2_attr_case' => DB2_CASE_LOWER,
                        
'cursor' => DB2_SCROLLABLE);

$stmt = db2_prepare($conn, 'SELECT * FROM EMPLOYEE WHERE EMPNO = ? OR EMPNO = ?');

/* Call the function using the correct resource, options array, and type values */
$option_result = db2_set_option($stmt, $options, 2);        
$result = db2_execute($stmt, array('000130', '000140'));

/* Get Row 2 before Row 1 since Scrollable Cursor */
print_r(db2_fetch_assoc($stmt, 2));
print
'<br /><br />';
print_r(db2_fetch_assoc($stmt, 1));

?>

The above example will output:

Array
(
    [empno] => 000140
    [firstnme] => HEATHER
    [midinit] => A
    [lastname] => NICHOLLS
    [workdept] => C01
    [phoneno] => 1793
    [hiredate] => 1976-12-15
    [job] => ANALYST
    [edlevel] => 18
    [sex] => F
    [birthdate] => 1946-01-19
    [salary] => 28420.00
    [bonus] => 600.00
    [comm] => 2274.00
)

Array
(
    [empno] => 000130
    [firstnme] => DELORES
    [midinit] => M
    [lastname] => QUINTANA
    [workdept] => C01
    [phoneno] => 4578
    [hiredate] => 1971-07-28
    [job] => ANALYST
    [edlevel] => 16
    [sex] => F
    [birthdate] => 1925-09-15
    [salary] => 23800.00
    [bonus] => 500.00
    [comm] => 1904.00
)

Example 8. i5/OS cursors are read-only

<?php
  $conn
= db2_connect("", "", "", array("i5_lib"=>"nobody"));
  
$stmt = db2_prepare($conn, 'select * from names where first = ?');
  
$name = "first2";
  
db2_bind_param($stmt, 1, "name", DB2_PARAM_IN);
  
$options = array("i5_fetch_only"=>DB2_I5_FETCH_ON);
  
db2_set_option($stmt,$options,0);
  if (
db2_execute($stmt)) {
    while (
$row = db2_fetch_array($stmt)) {
      echo
"{$row[0]} {$row[1]}";
    }
  }
?>

The above example will output:

first2 last2

See Also

db2_connect()
db2_pconnect()
db2_exec()
db2_prepare()
db2_cursor_type()