(PHP 3 >= 3.0.17, PHP 4 >= 4.0.1, PHP 5)
levenshtein -- Calculate Levenshtein distance between two stringsThis function returns the Levenshtein-Distance between the two argument strings or -1, if one of the argument strings is longer than the limit of 255 characters.
The Levenshtein distance is defined as the minimal number of
characters you have to replace, insert or delete to transform
str1
into str2
.
The complexity of the algorithm is O(m*n),
where n and m are the
length of str1
and
str2
(rather good when compared to
similar_text(), which is O(max(n,m)**3),
but still expensive).
In its simplest form the function will take only the two
strings as parameter and will calculate just the number of
insert, replace and delete operations needed to transform
str1
into str2
.
A second variant will take three additional parameters that define the cost of insert, replace and delete operations. This is more general and adaptive than variant one, but not as efficient.
See also soundex(), similar_text(), and metaphone().