Sends an email.
Receiver, or receivers of the mail.
The formatting of this string must comply with RFC 2822. Some examples are:
|User <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Another User <email@example.com>|
Subject of the email to be sent.
This must not contain any newline characters, or the mail may not be sent properly.
Message to be sent.
Each line should be separated with a LF (\n). Lines should not be larger than 70 characters.
(Windows only) When PHP is talking to a SMTP server directly, if a full stop is found on the start of a line, it is removed. To counter-act this, replace these occurrences with a double dot.
String to be inserted at the end of the email header.
This is typically used to add extra headers (From, Cc, and Bcc). Multiple extra headers should be separated with a CRLF (\r\n).
Note: When sending mail, the mail must contain a From header. This can be set with the
additional_headersparameter, or a default can be set in php.ini.
Failing to do this will result in an error message similar to Warning: mail(): "sendmail_from" not set in php.ini or custom "From:" header missing. The From header sets also Return-Path under Windows.
Note: If messages are not received, try using a LF (\n) only. Some poor quality Unix mail transfer agents replace LF by CRLF automatically (which leads to doubling CR if CRLF is used). This should be a last resort, as it does not comply with RFC 2822.
can be used to pass an additional parameter to the program configured
to use when sending mail using the sendmail_path
configuration setting. For example, this can be used to set the
envelope sender address when using sendmail with the
-f sendmail option.
The user that the webserver runs as should be added as a trusted user to the sendmail configuration to prevent a 'X-Warning' header from being added to the message when the envelope sender (-f) is set using this method. For sendmail users, this file is /etc/mail/trusted-users.
Returns TRUE if the mail was successfully accepted for delivery, FALSE otherwise.
It is important to note that just because the mail was accepted for delivery, it does NOT mean the mail will actually reach the intended destination.
|4.3.0 (Windows only)||All custom headers (like From, Cc, Bcc and Date) are supported, and are not case-sensitive. (As custom headers are not interpreted by the MTA in the first place, but are parsed by PHP, PHP < 4.3 only supported the Cc header element and was case-sensitive).|
Example 2. Sending mail with extra headers.
The addition of basic headers, telling the MUA the From and Reply-To addresses:
Example 3. Sending mail with an additional command line parameter.
Example 4. Sending HTML email
It is also possible to send HTML email with mail().
Note: The Windows implementation of mail() differs in many ways from the Unix implementation. First, it doesn't use a local binary for composing messages but only operates on direct sockets which means a MTA is needed listening on a network socket (which can either on the localhost or a remote machine).
Second, the custom headers like From:, Cc:, Bcc: and Date: are not interpreted by the MTA in the first place, but are parsed by PHP.
As such, the
toparameter should not be an address in the form of "Something <firstname.lastname@example.org>". The mail command may not parse this properly while talking with the MTA.
Note: Email with attachments and special types of content (e.g. HTML) can be sent using this function. This is accomplished via MIME-encoding - for more information, see this Zend article or the PEAR Mime Classes.
Note: It is worth noting that the mail() function is not suitable for larger volumes of email in a loop. This function opens and closes an SMTP socket for each email, which is not very efficient.