with all alphabetic characters converted to lowercase.
encoding specifies the encoding of
str; if omitted, the internal character encoding
value will be used.
For more information about the Unicode properties, please see http://www.unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr21/.
By contrast to strtolower(), 'alphabetic' is determined by the Unicode character properties. Thus the behaviour of this function is not affected by locale settings and it can convert any characters that have 'alphabetic' property, such as A-umlaut (Ä).