Many random number generators of older libcs have dubious or unknown characteristics and are slow. By default, PHP uses the libc random number generator with the rand() function. The mt_rand() function is a drop-in replacement for this. It uses a random number generator with known characteristics using the Mersenne Twister, which will produce random numbers four times faster than what the average libc rand() provides.
If called without the optional
max arguments mt_rand()
returns a pseudo-random value between 0 and
RAND_MAX. If you want a random number
between 5 and 15 (inclusive), for example, use mt_rand
Optional lowest value to be returned (default: 0)
Optional highest value to be returned (default: RAND_MAX)