CII. Network Functions

Requirements

No external libraries are needed to build this extension.

Installation

There is no installation needed to use these functions; they are part of the PHP core.

Runtime Configuration

The behaviour of these functions is affected by settings in php.ini.

Table 1. Network Configuration Options

NameDefaultChangeableChangelog
define_syslog_variables"0"PHP_INI_ALL 
For further details and definitions of the PHP_INI_* constants, see the Appendix H.

Here's a short explanation of the configuration directives.

define_syslog_variables boolean

Whether or not to define the various syslog variables (e.g. $LOG_PID, $LOG_CRON, etc.). Turning it off is a good idea performance-wise. At runtime, you can define these variables by calling define_syslog_variables().

Resource Types

This extension defines a file pointer resource returned by fsockopen() and pfsockopen().

Predefined Constants

The constants below are always available as part of the PHP core.

Table 2. openlog() Options

ConstantDescription
LOG_CONS if there is an error while sending data to the system logger, write directly to the system console
LOG_NDELAY open the connection to the logger immediately
LOG_ODELAY (default) delay opening the connection until the first message is logged
LOG_NOWAIT 
LOG_PERRORprint log message also to standard error
LOG_PIDinclude PID with each message

Table 3. openlog() Facilities

ConstantDescription
LOG_AUTH security/authorization messages (use LOG_AUTHPRIV instead in systems where that constant is defined)
LOG_AUTHPRIVsecurity/authorization messages (private)
LOG_CRONclock daemon (cron and at)
LOG_DAEMONother system daemons
LOG_KERNkernel messages
LOG_LOCAL0 ... LOG_LOCAL7reserved for local use, these are not available in Windows
LOG_LPRline printer subsystem
LOG_MAILmail subsystem
LOG_NEWSUSENET news subsystem
LOG_SYSLOGmessages generated internally by syslogd
LOG_USERgeneric user-level messages
LOG_UUCPUUCP subsystem

Table 4. syslog() Priorities (in descending order)

ConstantDescription
LOG_EMERGsystem is unusable
LOG_ALERTaction must be taken immediately
LOG_CRITcritical conditions
LOG_ERRerror conditions
LOG_WARNINGwarning conditions
LOG_NOTICEnormal, but significant, condition
LOG_INFOinformational message
LOG_DEBUGdebug-level message

Table 5. dns_get_record() Options

ConstantDescription
DNS_AIPv4 Address Resource
DNS_MXMail Exchanger Resource
DNS_CNAMEAlias (Canonical Name) Resource
DNS_NSAuthoritative Name Server Resource
DNS_PTRPointer Resource
DNS_HINFOHost Info Resource (See IANA's Operating System Names for the meaning of these values)
DNS_SOAStart of Authority Resource
DNS_TXTText Resource
DNS_ANYAny Resource Record. On most systems this returns all resource records, however it should not be counted upon for critical uses. Try DNS_ALL instead.
DNS_AAAAIPv6 Address Resource
DNS_ALLIteratively query the name server for each available record type.
Table of Contents
checkdnsrr --  Check DNS records corresponding to a given Internet host name or IP address
closelog -- Close connection to system logger
debugger_off -- Disable internal PHP debugger (PHP 3)
debugger_on -- Enable internal PHP debugger (PHP 3)
define_syslog_variables -- Initializes all syslog related constants
dns_check_record -- Synonym for checkdnsrr()
dns_get_mx -- Synonym for getmxrr()
dns_get_record --  Fetch DNS Resource Records associated with a hostname
fsockopen --  Open Internet or Unix domain socket connection
gethostbyaddr --  Get the Internet host name corresponding to a given IP address
gethostbyname --  Get the IP address corresponding to a given Internet host name
gethostbynamel --  Get a list of IP addresses corresponding to a given Internet host name
getmxrr --  Get MX records corresponding to a given Internet host name
getprotobyname --  Get protocol number associated with protocol name
getprotobynumber --  Get protocol name associated with protocol number
getservbyname --  Get port number associated with an Internet service and protocol
getservbyport --  Get Internet service which corresponds to port and protocol
header -- Send a raw HTTP header
headers_list -- Returns a list of response headers sent (or ready to send)
headers_sent -- Checks if or where headers have been sent
inet_ntop --  Converts a packed internet address to a human readable representation
inet_pton --  Converts a human readable IP address to its packed in_addr representation
ip2long --  Converts a string containing an (IPv4) Internet Protocol dotted address into a proper address
long2ip --  Converts an (IPv4) Internet network address into a string in Internet standard dotted format
openlog -- Open connection to system logger
pfsockopen --  Open persistent Internet or Unix domain socket connection
setcookie -- Send a cookie
setrawcookie -- Send a cookie without urlencoding the cookie value
socket_get_status -- Alias of stream_get_meta_data()
socket_set_blocking -- Alias of stream_set_blocking()
socket_set_timeout -- Alias of stream_set_timeout()
syslog -- Generate a system log message