CLXVII. Tokenizer Functions

Introduction

The tokenizer functions provide an interface to the PHP tokenizer embedded in the Zend Engine. Using these functions you may write your own PHP source analyzing or modification tools without having to deal with the language specification at the lexical level.

See also the appendix about tokens.

Requirements

No external libraries are needed to build this extension.

Installation

Beginning with PHP 4.3.0 these functions are enabled by default. For older versions you have to configure and compile PHP with --enable-tokenizer. You can disable tokenizer support with --disable-tokenizer.

The windows version of PHP has built in support for this extension. You do not need to load any additional extension in order to use these functions.

Note: Built-in support for tokenizer is available as of PHP 4.3.0.

Predefined Constants

When the extension has either been compiled into PHP or dynamically loaded at runtime, the tokens listed in Appendix R are defined as constants.

Examples

Here is a simple example PHP scripts using the tokenizer that will read in a PHP file, strip all comments from the source and print the pure code only.

Example 1. Strip comments with the tokenizer

<?php
/*
* T_ML_COMMENT does not exist in PHP 5.
* The following three lines define it in order to
* preserve backwards compatibility.
*
* The next two lines define the PHP 5 only T_DOC_COMMENT,
* which we will mask as T_ML_COMMENT for PHP 4.
*/
if (!defined('T_ML_COMMENT')) {
    
define('T_ML_COMMENT', T_COMMENT);
} else {
    
define('T_DOC_COMMENT', T_ML_COMMENT);
}

$source = file_get_contents('example.php');
$tokens = token_get_all($source);

foreach (
$tokens as $token) {
    if (
is_string($token)) {
        
// simple 1-character token
        
echo $token;
    } else {
        
// token array
        
list($id, $text) = $token;

        switch (
$id) {
            case
T_COMMENT:
            case
T_ML_COMMENT: // we've defined this
            
case T_DOC_COMMENT: // and this
                // no action on comments
                
break;

            default:
                
// anything else -> output "as is"
                
echo $text;
                break;
        }
    }
}
?>
Table of Contents
token_get_all -- Split given source into PHP tokens
token_name -- Get the symbolic name of a given PHP token