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#### Elliptic Integrals of the Second Kind - Legendre Form

###### Synopsis

```#include <boost/math/special_functions/ellint_2.hpp>
```

```namespace boost { namespace math {

template <class T1, class T2>
calculated-result-type ellint_2(T1 k, T2 phi);

template <class T1, class T2, class Policy>
calculated-result-type ellint_2(T1 k, T2 phi, const Policy&);

template <class T>
calculated-result-type ellint_2(T k);

template <class T, class Policy>
calculated-result-type ellint_2(T k, const Policy&);

}} // namespaces
```
###### Description

These two functions evaluate the incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind E(φ, k) and its complete counterpart E(k) = E(π/2, k).

The return type of these functions is computed using the result type calculation rules when T1 and T2 are different types: when they are the same type then the result is the same type as the arguments.

```template <class T1, class T2>
calculated-result-type ellint_2(T1 k, T2 phi);

template <class T1, class T2, class Policy>
calculated-result-type ellint_2(T1 k, T2 phi, const Policy&);
```

Returns the incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind E(φ, k):

Requires -1 <= k <= 1, otherwise returns the result of domain_error.

The final Policy argument is optional and can be used to control the behaviour of the function: how it handles errors, what level of precision to use etc. Refer to the policy documentation for more details.

```template <class T>
calculated-result-type ellint_2(T k);

template <class T>
calculated-result-type ellint_2(T k, const Policy&);
```

Returns the complete elliptic integral of the first kind E(k):

Requires -1 <= k <= 1, otherwise returns the result of domain_error.

The final Policy argument is optional and can be used to control the behaviour of the function: how it handles errors, what level of precision to use etc. Refer to the policy documentation for more details.

###### Accuracy

These functions are computed using only basic arithmetic operations, so there isn't much variation in accuracy over differing platforms. Note that only results for the widest floating point type on the system are given as narrower types have effectively zero error. All values are relative errors in units of epsilon.

Table 37. Errors Rates in the Elliptic Integrals of the Second Kind

Significand Size

Platform and Compiler

F(φ, k)

K(k)

53

Win32 / Visual C++ 8.0

Peak=4.6 Mean=1.2

Peak=3.5 Mean=1.0

64

Red Hat Linux / G++ 3.4

Peak=4.3 Mean=1.1

Peak=4.6 Mean=1.2

113

HP-UX / HP aCC 6

Peak=5.8 Mean=2.2

Peak=10.8 Mean=2.3

###### Testing

The tests use a mixture of spot test values calculated using the online calculator at functions.wolfram.com, and random test data generated using NTL::RR at 1000-bit precision and this implementation.

###### Implementation

These functions are implemented in terms of Carlson's integrals using the relations:

and

 Copyright © 2006 -2007 John Maddock, Paul A. Bristow, Hubert Holin and Xiaogang Zhang Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)