6.1.4 Mathematics in functions

Music functions can involve Scheme programming in addition to simple substitution,

AltOn = #(define-music-function (parser location mag) (number?)
  #{ \override Stem #'length = #$(* 7.0 mag)
     \override NoteHead #'font-size =
       #$(inexact->exact (* (/ 6.0 (log 2.0)) (log mag))) #})

AltOff = {
  \revert Stem #'length
  \revert NoteHead #'font-size
}

{ c'2 \AltOn #0.5 c'4 c'
  \AltOn #1.5 c' c' \AltOff c'2 }

[image of music]

This example may be rewritten to pass in music expressions,

withAlt = #(define-music-function (parser location mag music) (number? ly:music?)
  #{ \override Stem #'length = #$(* 7.0 mag)
     \override NoteHead #'font-size =
       #$(inexact->exact (* (/ 6.0 (log 2.0)) (log mag)))
     $music
     \revert Stem #'length
     \revert NoteHead #'font-size #})

{ c'2 \withAlt #0.5 {c'4 c'}
  \withAlt #1.5 {c' c'} c'2 }

[image of music]


Other languages: espaƱol.

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