Qt Reference Documentation

QAbstractItemModel Class Reference

The QAbstractItemModel class provides the abstract interface for item model classes. More...

 #include <QAbstractItemModel>

Inherits QObject.

Inherited by QAbstractListModel, QAbstractProxyModel, QAbstractTableModel, QDirModel, QFileSystemModel, QHelpContentModel, QProxyModel, and QStandardItemModel.

Public Functions

QAbstractItemModel ( QObject * parent = 0 )
virtual ~QAbstractItemModel ()
virtual QModelIndex buddy ( const QModelIndex & index ) const
virtual bool canFetchMore ( const QModelIndex & parent ) const
virtual int columnCount ( const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) const = 0
virtual QVariant data ( const QModelIndex & index, int role = Qt::DisplayRole ) const = 0
virtual bool dropMimeData ( const QMimeData * data, Qt::DropAction action, int row, int column, const QModelIndex & parent )
virtual void fetchMore ( const QModelIndex & parent )
virtual Qt::ItemFlags flags ( const QModelIndex & index ) const
virtual bool hasChildren ( const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) const
bool hasIndex ( int row, int column, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) const
virtual QVariant headerData ( int section, Qt::Orientation orientation, int role = Qt::DisplayRole ) const
virtual QModelIndex index ( int row, int column, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) const = 0
bool insertColumn ( int column, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )
virtual bool insertColumns ( int column, int count, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )
bool insertRow ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )
virtual bool insertRows ( int row, int count, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )
virtual QMap<int, QVariant> itemData ( const QModelIndex & index ) const
virtual QModelIndexList match ( const QModelIndex & start, int role, const QVariant & value, int hits = 1, Qt::MatchFlags flags = Qt::MatchFlags( Qt::MatchStartsWith | Qt::MatchWrap ) ) const
virtual QMimeData * mimeData ( const QModelIndexList & indexes ) const
virtual QStringList mimeTypes () const
virtual QModelIndex parent ( const QModelIndex & index ) const = 0
bool removeColumn ( int column, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )
virtual bool removeColumns ( int column, int count, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )
bool removeRow ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )
virtual bool removeRows ( int row, int count, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )
const QHash<int, QByteArray> & roleNames () const
virtual int rowCount ( const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) const = 0
virtual bool setData ( const QModelIndex & index, const QVariant & value, int role = Qt::EditRole )
virtual bool setHeaderData ( int section, Qt::Orientation orientation, const QVariant & value, int role = Qt::EditRole )
virtual bool setItemData ( const QModelIndex & index, const QMap<int, QVariant> & roles )
void setSupportedDragActions ( Qt::DropActions actions )
QModelIndex sibling ( int row, int column, const QModelIndex & index ) const
virtual void sort ( int column, Qt::SortOrder order = Qt::AscendingOrder )
virtual QSize span ( const QModelIndex & index ) const
Qt::DropActions supportedDragActions () const
virtual Qt::DropActions supportedDropActions () const
  • 29 public functions inherited from QObject

Public Slots

virtual void revert ()
virtual bool submit ()
  • 1 public slot inherited from QObject

Signals

void columnsAboutToBeInserted ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end )
void columnsAboutToBeMoved ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceStart, int sourceEnd, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationColumn )
void columnsAboutToBeRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end )
void columnsInserted ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end )
void columnsMoved ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceStart, int sourceEnd, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationColumn )
void columnsRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end )
void dataChanged ( const QModelIndex & topLeft, const QModelIndex & bottomRight )
void headerDataChanged ( Qt::Orientation orientation, int first, int last )
void layoutAboutToBeChanged ()
void layoutChanged ()
void modelAboutToBeReset ()
void modelReset ()
void rowsAboutToBeInserted ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end )
void rowsAboutToBeMoved ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceStart, int sourceEnd, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationRow )
void rowsAboutToBeRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end )
void rowsInserted ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end )
void rowsMoved ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceStart, int sourceEnd, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationRow )
void rowsRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end )

Protected Functions

void beginInsertColumns ( const QModelIndex & parent, int first, int last )
void beginInsertRows ( const QModelIndex & parent, int first, int last )
bool beginMoveColumns ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceFirst, int sourceLast, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationChild )
bool beginMoveRows ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceFirst, int sourceLast, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationChild )
void beginRemoveColumns ( const QModelIndex & parent, int first, int last )
void beginRemoveRows ( const QModelIndex & parent, int first, int last )
void beginResetModel ()
void changePersistentIndex ( const QModelIndex & from, const QModelIndex & to )
void changePersistentIndexList ( const QModelIndexList & from, const QModelIndexList & to )
QModelIndex createIndex ( int row, int column, void * ptr = 0 ) const
QModelIndex createIndex ( int row, int column, quint32 id ) const
void endInsertColumns ()
void endInsertRows ()
void endMoveColumns ()
void endMoveRows ()
void endRemoveColumns ()
void endRemoveRows ()
void endResetModel ()
QModelIndexList persistentIndexList () const
void reset ()
void setRoleNames ( const QHash<int, QByteArray> & roleNames )
  • 7 protected functions inherited from QObject

Additional Inherited Members

  • 1 property inherited from QObject
  • 5 static public members inherited from QObject

Detailed Description

The QAbstractItemModel class provides the abstract interface for item model classes.

The QAbstractItemModel class defines the standard interface that item models must use to be able to interoperate with other components in the model/view architecture. It is not supposed to be instantiated directly. Instead, you should subclass it to create new models.

The QAbstractItemModel class is one of the Model/View Classes and is part of Qt's model/view framework.

If you need a model to use with a QListView or a QTableView, you should consider subclassing QAbstractListModel or QAbstractTableModel instead of this class.

The underlying data model is exposed to views and delegates as a hierarchy of tables. If you do not make use of the hierarchy, then the model is a simple table of rows and columns. Each item has a unique index specified by a QModelIndex.

Every item of data that can be accessed via a model has an associated model index. You can obtain this model index using the index() function. Each index may have a sibling() index; child items have a parent() index.

Each item has a number of data elements associated with it and they can be retrieved by specifying a role (see Qt::ItemDataRole) to the model's data() function. Data for all available roles can be obtained at the same time using the itemData() function.

Data for each role is set using a particular Qt::ItemDataRole. Data for individual roles are set individually with setData(), or they can be set for all roles with setItemData().

Items can be queried with flags() (see Qt::ItemFlag) to see if they can be selected, dragged, or manipulated in other ways.

If an item has child objects, hasChildren() returns true for the corresponding index.

The model has a rowCount() and a columnCount() for each level of the hierarchy. Rows and columns can be inserted and removed with insertRows(), insertColumns(), removeRows(), and removeColumns().

The model emits signals to indicate changes. For example, dataChanged() is emitted whenever items of data made available by the model are changed. Changes to the headers supplied by the model cause headerDataChanged() to be emitted. If the structure of the underlying data changes, the model can emit layoutChanged() to indicate to any attached views that they should redisplay any items shown, taking the new structure into account.

The items available through the model can be searched for particular data using the match() function.

To sort the model, you can use sort().

Subclassing

Note: Some general guidelines for subclassing models are available in the Model Subclassing Reference.

When subclassing QAbstractItemModel, at the very least you must implement index(), parent(), rowCount(), columnCount(), and data(). These functions are used in all read-only models, and form the basis of editable models.

You can also reimplement hasChildren() to provide special behavior for models where the implementation of rowCount() is expensive. This makes it possible for models to restrict the amount of data requested by views, and can be used as a way to implement lazy population of model data.

To enable editing in your model, you must also implement setData(), and reimplement flags() to ensure that ItemIsEditable is returned. You can also reimplement headerData() and setHeaderData() to control the way the headers for your model are presented.

The dataChanged() and headerDataChanged() signals must be emitted explicitly when reimplementing the setData() and setHeaderData() functions, respectively.

Custom models need to create model indexes for other components to use. To do this, call createIndex() with suitable row and column numbers for the item, and an identifier for it, either as a pointer or as an integer value. The combination of these values must be unique for each item. Custom models typically use these unique identifiers in other reimplemented functions to retrieve item data and access information about the item's parents and children. See the Simple Tree Model Example for more information about unique identifiers.

It is not necessary to support every role defined in Qt::ItemDataRole. Depending on the type of data contained within a model, it may only be useful to implement the data() function to return valid information for some of the more common roles. Most models provide at least a textual representation of item data for the Qt::DisplayRole, and well-behaved models should also provide valid information for the Qt::ToolTipRole and Qt::WhatsThisRole. Supporting these roles enables models to be used with standard Qt views. However, for some models that handle highly-specialized data, it may be appropriate to provide data only for user-defined roles.

Models that provide interfaces to resizable data structures can provide implementations of insertRows(), removeRows(), insertColumns(),and removeColumns(). When implementing these functions, it is important to notify any connected views about changes to the model's dimensions both before and after they occur:

The private signals that these functions emit give attached components the chance to take action before any data becomes unavailable. The encapsulation of the insert and remove operations with these begin and end functions also enables the model to manage persistent model indexes correctly. If you want selections to be handled properly, you must ensure that you call these functions. If you insert or remove an item with children, you do not need to call these functions for the child items. In other words, the parent item will take care of its child items.

To create models that populate incrementally, you can reimplement fetchMore() and canFetchMore(). If the reimplementation of fetchMore() adds rows to the model, beginInsertRows() and endInsertRows() must be called.

See also Model Classes, Model Subclassing Reference, QModelIndex, QAbstractItemView, Using Drag and Drop with Item Views, Simple DOM Model Example, Simple Tree Model Example, Editable Tree Model Example, and Fetch More Example.

Member Function Documentation

QAbstractItemModel::QAbstractItemModel ( QObject * parent = 0 )

Constructs an abstract item model with the given parent.

QAbstractItemModel::~QAbstractItemModel () [virtual]

Destroys the abstract item model.

void QAbstractItemModel::beginInsertColumns ( const QModelIndex & parent, int first, int last ) [protected]

Begins a column insertion operation.

When reimplementing insertColumns() in a subclass, you must call this function before inserting data into the model's underlying data store.

The parent index corresponds to the parent into which the new columns are inserted; first and last are the column numbers of the new columns will have after they have been inserted.

Inserting columns

Specify the first and last column numbers for the span of columns you want to insert into an item in a model.

For example, as shown in the diagram, we insert three columns before column 4, so first is 4 and last is 6:

 beginInsertColumns(parent, 4, 6);

This inserts the three new columns as columns 4, 5, and 6.

Appending columns

To append columns, insert them after the last column.

For example, as shown in the diagram, we append three columns to a collection of six existing columns (ending in column 5), so first is 6 and last is 8:

 beginInsertColumns(parent, 6, 8);

This appends the two new columns as columns 6, 7, and 8.

Note: This function emits the columnsAboutToBeInserted() signal which connected views (or proxies) must handle before the data is inserted. Otherwise, the views may end up in an invalid state.

See also endInsertColumns().

void QAbstractItemModel::beginInsertRows ( const QModelIndex & parent, int first, int last ) [protected]

Begins a row insertion operation.

When reimplementing insertRows() in a subclass, you must call this function before inserting data into the model's underlying data store.

The parent index corresponds to the parent into which the new rows are inserted; first and last are the row numbers that the new rows will have after they have been inserted.

Inserting rows

Specify the first and last row numbers for the span of rows you want to insert into an item in a model.

For example, as shown in the diagram, we insert three rows before row 2, so first is 2 and last is 4:

 beginInsertRows(parent, 2, 4);

This inserts the three new rows as rows 2, 3, and 4.

Appending rows

To append rows, insert them after the last row.

For example, as shown in the diagram, we append two rows to a collection of 4 existing rows (ending in row 3), so first is 4 and last is 5:

 beginInsertRows(parent, 4, 5);

This appends the two new rows as rows 4 and 5.

Note: This function emits the rowsAboutToBeInserted() signal which connected views (or proxies) must handle before the data is inserted. Otherwise, the views may end up in an invalid state.

See also endInsertRows().

bool QAbstractItemModel::beginMoveColumns ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceFirst, int sourceLast, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationChild ) [protected]

Begins a column move operation.

When reimplementing a subclass, this method simplifies moving entities in your model. This method is responsible for moving persistent indexes in the model, which you would otherwise be required to do yourself. Using beginMoveRows and endMoveRows is an alternative to emitting layoutAboutToBeChanged and layoutChanged directly along with changePersistentIndexes. layoutAboutToBeChanged is emitted by this method for compatibility reasons.

The sourceParent index corresponds to the parent from which the columns are moved; sourceFirst and sourceLast are the first and last column numbers of the columns to be moved. The destinationParent index corresponds to the parent into which those columns are moved. The destinationChild is the column to which the columns will be moved. That is, the index at column sourceFirst in sourceParent will become column destinationChild in destinationParent, followed by all other columns up to sourceLast.

However, when moving columns down in the same parent (sourceParent and destinationParent are equal), the columnss will be placed before the destinationChild index. That is, if you wish to move columns 0 and 1 so they will become columns 1 and 2, destinationChild should be 3. In this case, the new index for the source column i (which is between sourceFirst and sourceLast) is equal to (destinationChild-sourceLast-1+i).

Note that if sourceParent and destinationParent are the same, you must ensure that the destinationChild is not within the range of sourceFirst and sourceLast + 1. You must also ensure that you do not attempt to move a column to one of its own children or ancestors. This method returns false if either condition is true, in which case you should abort your move operation.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also endMoveColumns().

bool QAbstractItemModel::beginMoveRows ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceFirst, int sourceLast, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationChild ) [protected]

Begins a row move operation.

When reimplementing a subclass, this method simplifies moving entities in your model. This method is responsible for moving persistent indexes in the model, which you would otherwise be required to do yourself. Using beginMoveRows and endMoveRows is an alternative to emitting layoutAboutToBeChanged and layoutChanged directly along with changePersistentIndexes. layoutAboutToBeChanged is emitted by this method for compatibility reasons.

The sourceParent index corresponds to the parent from which the rows are moved; sourceFirst and sourceLast are the first and last row numbers of the rows to be moved. The destinationParent index corresponds to the parent into which those rows are moved. The destinationChild is the row to which the rows will be moved. That is, the index at row sourceFirst in sourceParent will become row destinationChild in destinationParent, followed by all other rows up to sourceLast.

However, when moving rows down in the same parent (sourceParent and destinationParent are equal), the rows will be placed before the destinationChild index. That is, if you wish to move rows 0 and 1 so they will become rows 1 and 2, destinationChild should be 3. In this case, the new index for the source row i (which is between sourceFirst and sourceLast) is equal to (destinationChild-sourceLast-1+i).

Note that if sourceParent and destinationParent are the same, you must ensure that the destinationChild is not within the range of sourceFirst and sourceLast + 1. You must also ensure that you do not attempt to move a row to one of its own children or ancestors. This method returns false if either condition is true, in which case you should abort your move operation.

Moving rows to another parent

Specify the first and last row numbers for the span of rows in the source parent you want to move in the model. Also specify the row in the destination parent to move the span to.

For example, as shown in the diagram, we move three rows from row 2 to 4 in the source, so sourceFirst is 2 and sourceLast is 4. We move those items to above row 2 in the destination, so destinationRow is 2.

 beginMoveRows(sourceParent, 2, 4, destinationParent, 2);

This moves the three rows rows 2, 3, and 4 in the source to become 2, 3 and 4 in the destination. Other affected siblings are displaced accordingly.

Moving rows to append to another parent

To append rows to another parent, move them to after the last row.

For example, as shown in the diagram, we move three rows to a collection of 6 existing rows (ending in row 5), so destinationStart is 6:

 beginMoveRows(sourceParent, 2, 4, destinationParent, 6);

This moves the target rows to the end of the target parent as 6, 7 and 8.

Moving rows in the same parent up

To move rows within the same parent, specify the row to move them to.

For example, as shown in the diagram, we move one item from row 2 to row 0, so sourceFirst and sourceLast are 2 and destinationChild is 0.

 beginMoveRows(parent, 2, 2, parent, 0);

Note that other rows may be displaced accordingly. Note also that when moving items within the same parent you should not attempt invalid or no-op moves. In the above example, item 2 is at row 2 before the move, so it can not be moved to row 2 (where it is already) or row 3 (no-op as row 3 means above row 3, where it is already)

Moving rows in the same parent down

To move rows within the same parent, specify the row to move them to.

For example, as shown in the diagram, we move one item from row 2 to row 4, so sourceFirst and sourceLast are 2 and destinationChild is 4.

 beginMoveRows(parent, 2, 2, parent, 4);

Note that other rows may be displaced accordingly.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also endMoveRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::beginRemoveColumns ( const QModelIndex & parent, int first, int last ) [protected]

Begins a column removal operation.

When reimplementing removeColumns() in a subclass, you must call this function before removing data from the model's underlying data store.

The parent index corresponds to the parent from which the new columns are removed; first and last are the column numbers of the first and last columns to be removed.

Removing columns

Specify the first and last column numbers for the span of columns you want to remove from an item in a model.

For example, as shown in the diagram, we remove the three columns from column 4 to column 6, so first is 4 and last is 6:

 beginRemoveColumns(parent, 4, 6);

Note: This function emits the columnsAboutToBeRemoved() signal which connected views (or proxies) must handle before the data is removed. Otherwise, the views may end up in an invalid state.

See also endRemoveColumns().

void QAbstractItemModel::beginRemoveRows ( const QModelIndex & parent, int first, int last ) [protected]

Begins a row removal operation.

When reimplementing removeRows() in a subclass, you must call this function before removing data from the model's underlying data store.

The parent index corresponds to the parent from which the new rows are removed; first and last are the row numbers of the rows to be removed.

Removing rows

Specify the first and last row numbers for the span of rows you want to remove from an item in a model.

For example, as shown in the diagram, we remove the two rows from row 2 to row 3, so first is 2 and last is 3:

 beginRemoveRows(parent, 2, 3);

Note: This function emits the rowsAboutToBeRemoved() signal which connected views (or proxies) must handle before the data is removed. Otherwise, the views may end up in an invalid state.

See also endRemoveRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::beginResetModel () [protected]

Begins a model reset operation.

A reset operation resets the model to its current state in any attached views.

Note: Any views attached to this model will be reset as well.

When a model is reset it means that any previous data reported from the model is now invalid and has to be queried for again. This also means that the current item and any selected items will become invalid.

When a model radically changes its data it can sometimes be easier to just call this function rather than emit dataChanged() to inform other components when the underlying data source, or its structure, has changed.

You must call this function before resetting any internal data structures in your model or proxy model.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also modelAboutToBeReset(), modelReset(), and endResetModel().

QModelIndex QAbstractItemModel::buddy ( const QModelIndex & index ) const [virtual]

Returns a model index for the buddy of the item represented by index. When the user wants to edit an item, the view will call this function to check whether another item in the model should be edited instead. Then, the view will construct a delegate using the model index returned by the buddy item.

The default implementation of this function has each item as its own buddy.

bool QAbstractItemModel::canFetchMore ( const QModelIndex & parent ) const [virtual]

Returns true if there is more data available for parent; otherwise returns false.

The default implementation always returns false.

If canFetchMore() returns true, QAbstractItemView will call fetchMore(). However, the fetchMore() function is only called when the model is being populated incrementally.

See also fetchMore().

void QAbstractItemModel::changePersistentIndex ( const QModelIndex & from, const QModelIndex & to ) [protected]

Changes the QPersistentModelIndex that is equal to the given from model index to the given to model index.

If no persistent model index equal to the given from model index was found, nothing is changed.

See also persistentIndexList() and changePersistentIndexList().

void QAbstractItemModel::changePersistentIndexList ( const QModelIndexList & from, const QModelIndexList & to ) [protected]

Changes the QPersistentModelIndexes that is equal to the indexes in the given from model index list to the given to model index list.

If no persistent model indexes equal to the indexes in the given from model index list was found, nothing is changed.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.1.

See also persistentIndexList() and changePersistentIndex().

int QAbstractItemModel::columnCount ( const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) const [pure virtual]

Returns the number of columns for the children of the given parent.

In most subclasses, the number of columns is independent of the parent.

For example:

 int DomModel::columnCount(const QModelIndex &/*parent*/) const
 {
     return 3;
 }

Note: When implementing a table based model, columnCount() should return 0 when the parent is valid.

See also rowCount().

void QAbstractItemModel::columnsAboutToBeInserted ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end ) [signal]

This signal is emitted just before columns are inserted into the model. The new items will be positioned between start and end inclusive, under the given parent item.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

See also insertColumns() and beginInsertColumns().

void QAbstractItemModel::columnsAboutToBeMoved ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceStart, int sourceEnd, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationColumn ) [signal]

This signal is emitted just before columns are moved within the model. The items that will be moved are those between sourceStart and sourceEnd inclusive, under the given sourceParent item. They will be moved to destinationParent starting at the column destinationColumn.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also beginMoveRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::columnsAboutToBeRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end ) [signal]

This signal is emitted just before columns are removed from the model. The items to be removed are those between start and end inclusive, under the given parent item.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

See also removeColumns() and beginRemoveColumns().

void QAbstractItemModel::columnsInserted ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end ) [signal]

This signal is emitted after columns have been inserted into the model. The new items are those between start and end inclusive, under the given parent item.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

See also insertColumns() and beginInsertColumns().

void QAbstractItemModel::columnsMoved ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceStart, int sourceEnd, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationColumn ) [signal]

This signal is emitted after columns have been moved within the model. The items between sourceStart and sourceEnd inclusive, under the given sourceParent item have been moved to destinationParent starting at the column destinationColumn.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also beginMoveRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::columnsRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end ) [signal]

This signal is emitted after columns have been removed from the model. The removed items are those between start and end inclusive, under the given parent item.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

See also removeColumns() and beginRemoveColumns().

QModelIndex QAbstractItemModel::createIndex ( int row, int column, void * ptr = 0 ) const [protected]

Creates a model index for the given row and column with the internal pointer ptr.

When using a QSortFilterProxyModel, its indexes have their own internal pointer. It is not advisable to access this internal pointer outside of the model. Use the data() function instead.

This function provides a consistent interface that model subclasses must use to create model indexes.

QModelIndex QAbstractItemModel::createIndex ( int row, int column, quint32 id ) const [protected]

Creates a model index for the given row and column with the internal identifier, id.

This function provides a consistent interface that model subclasses must use to create model indexes.

See also QModelIndex::internalId().

QVariant QAbstractItemModel::data ( const QModelIndex & index, int role = Qt::DisplayRole ) const [pure virtual]

Returns the data stored under the given role for the item referred to by the index.

Note: If you do not have a value to return, return an invalid QVariant instead of returning 0.

See also Qt::ItemDataRole, setData(), and headerData().

void QAbstractItemModel::dataChanged ( const QModelIndex & topLeft, const QModelIndex & bottomRight ) [signal]

This signal is emitted whenever the data in an existing item changes.

If the items are of the same parent, the affected ones are those between topLeft and bottomRight inclusive. If the items do not have the same parent, the behavior is undefined.

When reimplementing the setData() function, this signal must be emitted explicitly.

See also headerDataChanged(), setData(), and layoutChanged().

bool QAbstractItemModel::dropMimeData ( const QMimeData * data, Qt::DropAction action, int row, int column, const QModelIndex & parent ) [virtual]

Handles the data supplied by a drag and drop operation that ended with the given action.

Returns true if the data and action can be handled by the model; otherwise returns false.

Although the specified row, column and parent indicate the location of an item in the model where the operation ended, it is the responsibility of the view to provide a suitable location for where the data should be inserted.

For instance, a drop action on an item in a QTreeView can result in new items either being inserted as children of the item specified by row, column, and parent, or as siblings of the item.

When row and column are -1 it means that it is up to the model to decide where to place the data. This can occur in a tree when data is dropped on a parent. Models will usually append the data to the parent in this case.

See also supportedDropActions() and Using Drag and Drop with Item Views.

void QAbstractItemModel::endInsertColumns () [protected]

Ends a column insertion operation.

When reimplementing insertColumns() in a subclass, you must call this function after inserting data into the model's underlying data store.

See also beginInsertColumns().

void QAbstractItemModel::endInsertRows () [protected]

Ends a row insertion operation.

When reimplementing insertRows() in a subclass, you must call this function after inserting data into the model's underlying data store.

See also beginInsertRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::endMoveColumns () [protected]

Ends a column move operation.

When implementing a subclass, you must call this function after moving data within the model's underlying data store.

layoutChanged is emitted by this method for compatibility reasons.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also beginMoveColumns().

void QAbstractItemModel::endMoveRows () [protected]

Ends a row move operation.

When implementing a subclass, you must call this function after moving data within the model's underlying data store.

layoutChanged is emitted by this method for compatibility reasons.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also beginMoveRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::endRemoveColumns () [protected]

Ends a column removal operation.

When reimplementing removeColumns() in a subclass, you must call this function after removing data from the model's underlying data store.

See also beginRemoveColumns().

void QAbstractItemModel::endRemoveRows () [protected]

Ends a row removal operation.

When reimplementing removeRows() in a subclass, you must call this function after removing data from the model's underlying data store.

See also beginRemoveRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::endResetModel () [protected]

Completes a model reset operation.

You must call this function after resetting any internal data structure in your model or proxy model.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also beginResetModel().

void QAbstractItemModel::fetchMore ( const QModelIndex & parent ) [virtual]

Fetches any available data for the items with the parent specified by the parent index.

Reimplement this if you are populating your model incrementally.

The default implementation does nothing.

See also canFetchMore().

Qt::ItemFlags QAbstractItemModel::flags ( const QModelIndex & index ) const [virtual]

Returns the item flags for the given index.

The base class implementation returns a combination of flags that enables the item (ItemIsEnabled) and allows it to be selected (ItemIsSelectable).

See also Qt::ItemFlags.

bool QAbstractItemModel::hasChildren ( const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) const [virtual]

Returns true if parent has any children; otherwise returns false.

Use rowCount() on the parent to find out the number of children.

See also parent() and index().

bool QAbstractItemModel::hasIndex ( int row, int column, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) const

Returns true if the model returns a valid QModelIndex for row and column with parent, otherwise returns false.

QVariant QAbstractItemModel::headerData ( int section, Qt::Orientation orientation, int role = Qt::DisplayRole ) const [virtual]

Returns the data for the given role and section in the header with the specified orientation.

For horizontal headers, the section number corresponds to the column number. Similarly, for vertical headers, the section number corresponds to the row number.

See also Qt::ItemDataRole, setHeaderData(), and QHeaderView.

void QAbstractItemModel::headerDataChanged ( Qt::Orientation orientation, int first, int last ) [signal]

This signal is emitted whenever a header is changed. The orientation indicates whether the horizontal or vertical header has changed. The sections in the header from the first to the last need to be updated.

When reimplementing the setHeaderData() function, this signal must be emitted explicitly.

If you are changing the number of columns or rows you do not need to emit this signal, but use the begin/end functions (refer to the section on subclassing in the QAbstractItemModel class description for details).

See also headerData(), setHeaderData(), and dataChanged().

QModelIndex QAbstractItemModel::index ( int row, int column, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) const [pure virtual]

Returns the index of the item in the model specified by the given row, column and parent index.

When reimplementing this function in a subclass, call createIndex() to generate model indexes that other components can use to refer to items in your model.

See also createIndex().

bool QAbstractItemModel::insertColumn ( int column, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )

Inserts a single column before the given column in the child items of the parent specified.

Returns true if the column is inserted; otherwise returns false.

See also insertColumns(), insertRow(), and removeColumn().

bool QAbstractItemModel::insertColumns ( int column, int count, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) [virtual]

On models that support this, inserts count new columns into the model before the given column. The items in each new column will be children of the item represented by the parent model index.

If column is 0, the columns are prepended to any existing columns.

If column is columnCount(), the columns are appended to any existing columns.

If parent has no children, a single row with count columns is inserted.

Returns true if the columns were successfully inserted; otherwise returns false.

The base class implementation does nothing and returns false.

If you implement your own model, you can reimplement this function if you want to support insertions. Alternatively, you can provide your own API for altering the data.

See also insertRows(), removeColumns(), beginInsertColumns(), and endInsertColumns().

bool QAbstractItemModel::insertRow ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )

Note: The base class implementation of this function does nothing and returns false.

Inserts a single row before the given row in the child items of the parent specified.

Returns true if the row is inserted; otherwise returns false.

See also insertRows(), insertColumn(), and removeRow().

bool QAbstractItemModel::insertRows ( int row, int count, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) [virtual]

Note: The base class implementation of this function does nothing and returns false.

On models that support this, inserts count rows into the model before the given row. Items in the new row will be children of the item represented by the parent model index.

If row is 0, the rows are prepended to any existing rows in the parent.

If row is rowCount(), the rows are appended to any existing rows in the parent.

If parent has no children, a single column with count rows is inserted.

Returns true if the rows were successfully inserted; otherwise returns false.

If you implement your own model, you can reimplement this function if you want to support insertions. Alternatively, you can provide your own API for altering the data. In either case, you will need to call beginInsertRows() and endInsertRows() to notify other components that the model has changed.

See also insertColumns(), removeRows(), beginInsertRows(), and endInsertRows().

QMap<int, QVariant> QAbstractItemModel::itemData ( const QModelIndex & index ) const [virtual]

Returns a map with values for all predefined roles in the model for the item at the given index.

Reimplement this function if you want to extend the default behavior of this function to include custom roles in the map.

See also setItemData(), Qt::ItemDataRole, and data().

void QAbstractItemModel::layoutAboutToBeChanged () [signal]

This signal is emitted just before the layout of a model is changed. Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's layout.

Subclasses should update any persistent model indexes after emitting layoutAboutToBeChanged().

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also layoutChanged() and changePersistentIndex().

void QAbstractItemModel::layoutChanged () [signal]

This signal is emitted whenever the layout of items exposed by the model has changed; for example, when the model has been sorted. When this signal is received by a view, it should update the layout of items to reflect this change.

When subclassing QAbstractItemModel or QAbstractProxyModel, ensure that you emit layoutAboutToBeChanged() before changing the order of items or altering the structure of the data you expose to views, and emit layoutChanged() after changing the layout.

Subclasses should update any persistent model indexes before emitting layoutChanged(). In other words, when the structure changes:

See also layoutAboutToBeChanged(), dataChanged(), headerDataChanged(), modelReset(), and changePersistentIndex().

QModelIndexList QAbstractItemModel::match ( const QModelIndex & start, int role, const QVariant & value, int hits = 1, Qt::MatchFlags flags = Qt::MatchFlags( Qt::MatchStartsWith | Qt::MatchWrap ) ) const [virtual]

Returns a list of indexes for the items in the column of the start index where data stored under the given role matches the specified value. The way the search is performed is defined by the flags given. The list that is returned may be empty.

The search begins from the start index, and continues until the number of matching data items equals hits, the search reaches the last row, or the search reaches start again - depending on whether MatchWrap is specified in flags. If you want to search for all matching items, use hits = -1.

By default, this function will perform a wrapping, string-based comparison on all items, searching for items that begin with the search term specified by value.

Note: The default implementation of this function only searches columns. Reimplement this function to include a different search behavior.

QMimeData * QAbstractItemModel::mimeData ( const QModelIndexList & indexes ) const [virtual]

Returns an object that contains serialized items of data corresponding to the list of indexes specified. The formats used to describe the encoded data is obtained from the mimeTypes() function.

If the list of indexes is empty, or there are no supported MIME types, 0 is returned rather than a serialized empty list.

See also mimeTypes() and dropMimeData().

QStringList QAbstractItemModel::mimeTypes () const [virtual]

Returns a list of MIME types that can be used to describe a list of model indexes.

See also mimeData().

void QAbstractItemModel::modelAboutToBeReset () [signal]

This signal is emitted when reset() is called, before the model's internal state (e.g. persistent model indexes) has been invalidated.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also beginResetModel() and modelReset().

void QAbstractItemModel::modelReset () [signal]

This signal is emitted when reset() is called, after the model's internal state (e.g. persistent model indexes) has been invalidated.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.1.

See also endResetModel() and modelAboutToBeReset().

QModelIndex QAbstractItemModel::parent ( const QModelIndex & index ) const [pure virtual]

Returns the parent of the model item with the given index. If the item has no parent, an invalid QModelIndex is returned.

A common convention used in models that expose tree data structures is that only items in the first column have children. For that case, when reimplementing this function in a subclass the column of the returned QModelIndex would be 0.

When reimplementing this function in a subclass, be careful to avoid calling QModelIndex member functions, such as QModelIndex::parent(), since indexes belonging to your model will simply call your implementation, leading to infinite recursion.

See also createIndex().

QModelIndexList QAbstractItemModel::persistentIndexList () const [protected]

Returns the list of indexes stored as persistent indexes in the model.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

bool QAbstractItemModel::removeColumn ( int column, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )

Removes the given column from the child items of the parent specified.

Returns true if the column is removed; otherwise returns false.

See also removeColumns(), removeRow(), and insertColumn().

bool QAbstractItemModel::removeColumns ( int column, int count, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) [virtual]

On models that support this, removes count columns starting with the given column under parent parent from the model.

Returns true if the columns were successfully removed; otherwise returns false.

The base class implementation does nothing and returns false.

If you implement your own model, you can reimplement this function if you want to support removing. Alternatively, you can provide your own API for altering the data.

See also removeColumn(), removeRows(), insertColumns(), beginRemoveColumns(), and endRemoveColumns().

bool QAbstractItemModel::removeRow ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() )

Removes the given row from the child items of the parent specified.

Returns true if the row is removed; otherwise returns false.

This is a convenience function that calls removeRows(). The QAbstractItemModel implementation of removeRows() does nothing.

See also removeRows(), removeColumn(), and insertRow().

bool QAbstractItemModel::removeRows ( int row, int count, const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) [virtual]

On models that support this, removes count rows starting with the given row under parent parent from the model.

Returns true if the rows were successfully removed; otherwise returns false.

The base class implementation does nothing and returns false.

If you implement your own model, you can reimplement this function if you want to support removing. Alternatively, you can provide your own API for altering the data.

See also removeRow(), removeColumns(), insertColumns(), beginRemoveRows(), and endRemoveRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::reset () [protected]

Resets the model to its original state in any attached views.

Note: Use beginResetModel() and endResetModel() instead whenever possible. Use this method only if there is no way to call beginResetModel() before invalidating the model. Otherwise it could lead to unexpected behaviour, especially when used with proxy models.

void QAbstractItemModel::revert () [virtual slot]

Lets the model know that it should discard cached information. This function is typically used for row editing.

See also submit().

const QHash<int, QByteArray> & QAbstractItemModel::roleNames () const

Returns the model's role names.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also setRoleNames().

int QAbstractItemModel::rowCount ( const QModelIndex & parent = QModelIndex() ) const [pure virtual]

Returns the number of rows under the given parent. When the parent is valid it means that rowCount is returning the number of children of parent.

Note: When implementing a table based model, rowCount() should return 0 when the parent is valid.

See also columnCount().

void QAbstractItemModel::rowsAboutToBeInserted ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end ) [signal]

This signal is emitted just before rows are inserted into the model. The new items will be positioned between start and end inclusive, under the given parent item.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

See also insertRows() and beginInsertRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::rowsAboutToBeMoved ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceStart, int sourceEnd, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationRow ) [signal]

This signal is emitted just before rows are moved within the model. The items that will be moved are those between sourceStart and sourceEnd inclusive, under the given sourceParent item. They will be moved to destinationParent starting at the row destinationRow.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also beginMoveRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::rowsAboutToBeRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end ) [signal]

This signal is emitted just before rows are removed from the model. The items that will be removed are those between start and end inclusive, under the given parent item.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

See also removeRows() and beginRemoveRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::rowsInserted ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end ) [signal]

This signal is emitted after rows have been inserted into the model. The new items are those between start and end inclusive, under the given parent item.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

See also insertRows() and beginInsertRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::rowsMoved ( const QModelIndex & sourceParent, int sourceStart, int sourceEnd, const QModelIndex & destinationParent, int destinationRow ) [signal]

This signal is emitted after rows have been moved within the model. The items between sourceStart and sourceEnd inclusive, under the given sourceParent item have been moved to destinationParent starting at the row destinationRow.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also beginMoveRows().

void QAbstractItemModel::rowsRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end ) [signal]

This signal is emitted after rows have been removed from the model. The removed items are those between start and end inclusive, under the given parent item.

Note: Components connected to this signal use it to adapt to changes in the model's dimensions. It can only be emitted by the QAbstractItemModel implementation, and cannot be explicitly emitted in subclass code.

See also removeRows() and beginRemoveRows().

bool QAbstractItemModel::setData ( const QModelIndex & index, const QVariant & value, int role = Qt::EditRole ) [virtual]

Sets the role data for the item at index to value.

Returns true if successful; otherwise returns false.

The dataChanged() signal should be emitted if the data was successfully set.

The base class implementation returns false. This function and data() must be reimplemented for editable models.

See also Qt::ItemDataRole, data(), and itemData().

bool QAbstractItemModel::setHeaderData ( int section, Qt::Orientation orientation, const QVariant & value, int role = Qt::EditRole ) [virtual]

Sets the data for the given role and section in the header with the specified orientation to the value supplied.

Returns true if the header's data was updated; otherwise returns false.

When reimplementing this function, the headerDataChanged() signal must be emitted explicitly.

See also Qt::ItemDataRole and headerData().

bool QAbstractItemModel::setItemData ( const QModelIndex & index, const QMap<int, QVariant> & roles ) [virtual]

Sets the role data for the item at index to the associated value in roles, for every Qt::ItemDataRole.

Returns true if successful; otherwise returns false.

Roles that are not in roles will not be modified.

See also setData(), data(), and itemData().

void QAbstractItemModel::setRoleNames ( const QHash<int, QByteArray> & roleNames ) [protected]

Sets the model's role names to roleNames.

This function allows mapping of role identifiers to role property names in Declarative UI. This function must be called before the model is used. Modifying the role names after the model has been set may result in undefined behaviour.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also roleNames().

void QAbstractItemModel::setSupportedDragActions ( Qt::DropActions actions )

Sets the supported drag actions for the items in the model.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also supportedDragActions() and Using Drag and Drop with Item Views.

QModelIndex QAbstractItemModel::sibling ( int row, int column, const QModelIndex & index ) const

Returns the sibling at row and column for the item at index, or an invalid QModelIndex if there is no sibling at that location.

sibling() is just a convenience function that finds the item's parent, and uses it to retrieve the index of the child item in the specified row and column.

See also index(), QModelIndex::row(), and QModelIndex::column().

void QAbstractItemModel::sort ( int column, Qt::SortOrder order = Qt::AscendingOrder ) [virtual]

Sorts the model by column in the given order.

The base class implementation does nothing.

QSize QAbstractItemModel::span ( const QModelIndex & index ) const [virtual]

Returns the row and column span of the item represented by index.

Note: Currently, span is not used.

bool QAbstractItemModel::submit () [virtual slot]

Lets the model know that it should submit cached information to permanent storage. This function is typically used for row editing.

Returns true if there is no error; otherwise returns false.

See also revert().

Qt::DropActions QAbstractItemModel::supportedDragActions () const

Returns the actions supported by the data in this model.

The default implementation returns supportedDropActions() unless specific values have been set with setSupportedDragActions().

supportedDragActions() is used by QAbstractItemView::startDrag() as the default values when a drag occurs.

See also setSupportedDragActions(), Qt::DropActions, and Using Drag and Drop with Item Views.

Qt::DropActions QAbstractItemModel::supportedDropActions () const [virtual]

Returns the drop actions supported by this model.

The default implementation returns Qt::CopyAction. Reimplement this function if you wish to support additional actions. You must also reimplement the dropMimeData() function to handle the additional operations.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also dropMimeData(), Qt::DropActions, and Using Drag and Drop with Item Views.

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