Cursor Example

In Database Usage Example we wrote an application that loaded two Database objects with vendor and inventory information. In this example, we will use those databases to display all of the items in the inventory database. As a part of showing any given inventory item, we will look up the vendor who can provide the item and show the vendor's contact information.

To do this, we create the ExampleDatabaseRead application. This application reads and displays all inventory records by:

  1. Opening the inventory, vendor, and class catalog Database objects. We do this using the MyDbs class. See Stored Class Catalog Management with MyDbs for a description of this class.

  2. Obtaining a cursor from the inventory Database.

  3. Steps through the Database, displaying each record as it goes.

  4. To display the Inventory record, the custom tuple binding that we created in is used.

  5. Database.get() is used to obtain the vendor that corresponds to the inventory item.

  6. A serial binding is used to convert the DatabaseEntry returned by the get() to a Vendor object.

  7. The contents of the Vendor object are displayed.

We implemented the Vendor class in We implemented the Inventory class in

The full implementation of ExampleDatabaseRead can be found in:


where DB_INSTALL is the location where you placed your DB distribution.

Example 9.1

To begin, we import the necessary classes:

// file
package db.GettingStarted;


import com.sleepycat.bind.EntryBinding;
import com.sleepycat.bind.serial.SerialBinding;
import com.sleepycat.bind.tuple.TupleBinding;
import com.sleepycat.db.Cursor;
import com.sleepycat.db.DatabaseEntry;
import com.sleepycat.db.DatabaseException;
import com.sleepycat.db.LockMode;
import com.sleepycat.db.OperationStatus;

Next we declare our class and set up some global variables. Note a MyDbs object is instantiated here. We can do this because its constructor never throws an exception. See Database Example for its implementation details.

public class ExampleDatabaseRead {

    private static String myDbsPath = "./";

    // Encapsulates the database environment and databases.
    private static MyDbs myDbs = new MyDbs();

    private static TupleBinding inventoryBinding;
    private static EntryBinding vendorBinding; 

Next we create the ExampleDatabaseRead.usage() and ExampleDatabaseRead.main() methods. We perform almost all of our exception handling from ExampleDatabaseRead.main(), and so we must catch DatabaseException because the com.sleepycat.db.* APIs throw them.

   private static void usage() {
        System.out.println("ExampleDatabaseRead [-h <env directory>]" +
                           "[-s <item to locate>]");

    public static void main(String args[]) {
        ExampleDatabaseRead edr = new ExampleDatabaseRead();
        try {
        } catch (DatabaseException dbe) {
            System.err.println("ExampleDatabaseRead: " + dbe.toString());
        } finally {
        System.out.println("All done.");

In, we call MyDbs.setup() to open our databases. Then we create the bindings that we need for using our data objects with DatabaseEntry objects.

    private void run(String args[])
        throws DatabaseException {
        // Parse the arguments list


        // Setup our bindings.
        inventoryBinding = new InventoryBinding();
        vendorBinding =
             new SerialBinding(myDbs.getClassCatalog(),


Now we write the loop that displays the Inventory records. We do this by opening a cursor on the inventory database and iterating over all its contents, displaying each as we go.

    private void showAllInventory() 
        throws DatabaseException {
        // Get a cursor
        Cursor cursor = myDbs.getInventoryDB().openCursor(null, null);

        // DatabaseEntry objects used for reading records
        DatabaseEntry foundKey = new DatabaseEntry();
        DatabaseEntry foundData = new DatabaseEntry();

        try { // always want to make sure the cursor gets closed
            while (cursor.getNext(foundKey, foundData,
                        LockMode.DEFAULT) == OperationStatus.SUCCESS) {
                Inventory theInventory =
                displayInventoryRecord(foundKey, theInventory);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.err.println("Error on inventory cursor:");
        } finally {

We use ExampleDatabaseRead.displayInventoryRecord() to actually show the record. This method first displays all the relevant information from the retrieved Inventory object. It then uses the vendor database to retrieve and display the vendor. Because the vendor database is keyed by vendor name, and because each inventory object contains this key, it is trivial to retrieve the appropriate vendor record.

   private void displayInventoryRecord(DatabaseEntry theKey,
                                        Inventory theInventory)
        throws DatabaseException {
		String theSKU = null;
        try {
            theSKU = new String(theKey.getData(), "UTF-8");
        } catch( e) {
            /* Handle the exception here. */
        System.out.println(theSKU + ":");
        System.out.println("\t " + theInventory.getItemName());
        System.out.println("\t " + theInventory.getCategory());
        System.out.println("\t " + theInventory.getVendor());
        System.out.println("\t\tNumber in stock: " +
        System.out.println("\t\tPrice per unit:  " +
        System.out.println("\t\tContact: ");

        DatabaseEntry searchKey = null;
        try {
            searchKey =
             new DatabaseEntry(theInventory.getVendor().getBytes("UTF-8"));
        } catch (IOException willNeverOccur) {}
        DatabaseEntry foundVendor = new DatabaseEntry();

        if (myDbs.getVendorDB().get(null, searchKey, foundVendor,
                LockMode.DEFAULT) != OperationStatus.SUCCESS) {
            System.out.println("Could not find vendor: " +
                theInventory.getVendor() + ".");
        } else {
            Vendor theVendor =
            System.out.println("\t\t " + theVendor.getAddress());
            System.out.println("\t\t " + theVendor.getCity() + ", " +
                theVendor.getState() + " " + theVendor.getZipcode());
            System.out.println("\t\t Business Phone: " +
            System.out.println("\t\t Sales Rep: " +
            System.out.println("\t\t            " +

The remainder of this application provides a utility method used to parse the command line options. From the perspective of this document, this is relatively uninteresting. You can see how this is implemented by looking at:


where DB_INSTALL is the location where you placed your DB distribution.